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Identify the shortest distance between spatial objects in one file and the objects in a second file.
Applications include finding the closest store locations to consumers in the customer file (both point files); identifying the closest cell towers (point files) to LATAs (polygon files); or selecting congressional districts (polygon files) within 50 miles of a major thoroughfare (line file).
A Universe input connection into this tool is optional (this file can be specified via an input path ), as indicated by the white input connection arrow .
The Find Nearest Point tool accepts two spatial inputs.
Any object type can be chosen for the Target, but if it is a not a point type object, the centroid is used for analysis.
Select the Spatial Object field from the data going into the tool.
The Find Nearest tool can return more records than selected in the âHow many nearest points to find?â field if there are multiple records in Universe the same distance from the Target object.
If Drive time is to be calculated, the user can specify the dataset they wish to use to calculate this figure. If only one dataset is installed, you will not have the option to select another dataset.
You can specify the default dataset from User Settings. Go to Options > User Settings > Edit User Settings and click the Dataset Defaults tab.
TIP: If you are expecting the same number of input records as output records, ensure you do not have any duplicates in your data stream. You may find it necessary to add a Filter or Sort tool to assign a priority to duplicate records, and then link up a Unique tool before attaching the Find Nearest.
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